Athens — when socrates was condemned to death by a court of his fellow athenians in 399 bc, his friends arranged his escape they had the money to bribe the prison’s guards and understood. Critias (c 460-403 bce) was an athenian politician, poet, and playwright who was one of socrates’ followers, plato’s second cousin, a leading member of the thirty tyrants of athens, and leader of the oligarchy they establishedalthough he is referenced by other writers as a gifted poet and philosopher, he is, unfortunately, best known for his ruthlessness and cruelty as an oligarch of athens. Socrates answers first that one should not worry about public opinion, but only listen to wise and expert advice crito should not worry about how his, socrates', or others' reputations may fare in the general esteem: they should only concern themselves with behaving well. Socrates' consequential argument is not necessarily compelling, but if we accept his primary argument about only lives that are lived well having value, then his second argument concerning his agreement with the state to follow its laws is a compelling one, therefore socrates was right to decide to remain in jail. Socrates may well have had sexual relations with young men who followed him, but that was neither unusual nor frowned upon in ancient athens according to plato in the symposium, socrates' lover was the young general alcibiades, not any young men.
Socrates refuses avoid his death by leaving athens, although he could flee, but such an escape would be contrary to his moral principles and would be an injustice to the state which was his parent, his education, and the origin of law. Socrates on trial, part 2: crito free thoughts podcast – 47 min 27 sec – may 20, 2016 – episode 135 of 257 brian wilson from combat and classics joins us for a discussion about the last days of socrates, as told by plato in crito. The death of socrates by jacques-louis david (1787) socrates many are familiar with the name, but do we know the man he is considered to be the father of democracy and a pivotal character of western civilisation, but it may equally be that he was largely an invention by plato.
Both xenophone and plato list several reasons why socrates chose to stay, even though he was given an opportunity to flee both xenophon and plato agree that socrates had an opportunity to escape as his followers were able to bribe the prison guards. Socrates is a good ideal for the democratic citizen the standard position holds that socrates is an ideal democratic citizen based on an assumption regarding the nature and needs of democracy and a portrayal of socrates in which he possesses the desired attributes for democratic life. It is possible crito had already tried earlier that month to persuade socrates to flee, but the point is the same  crito believes that his concerns should have force here, and that he needs to save his friend, but doesn’t know what to say to do this. Plato, crito is it just for socrates to flee p1 injustice and wrongdoing is in every way harmful and shameful to the wrongdoer (49b) deems it right, you do not have the right to retaliate (51a) c if athens deems it right to destroy me, i do not have the right to retaliate. The bottom line was socrates new he had to go through with the poison in order to preserve his integrity and demonstrate that he was willing to live by his own principles to flee would have been admitting he was wrong, even if he really wasn't.
Confederate leaders had their eyes squarely on brazil during the 19th century as was the case for mexico confederate president jefferson davis made sure the confederate constitution included the right to expand, and he filled his cabinet with men who thought similarly. Crito 2 c d e 45a b c cr: too obvious, perhaps but, my supernatural socrates, even now listen to me and be saved i think that if you die it won't just be one misfortune. Socrates explains to crito that he could not live a good life if he escapes socrates presents a dilemma argument to add more support to the idea that he could not live a good life if he was to escape with him to a foreign city. Socrates friends, followers, and students encouraged the great philosopher to flee athens, but he refused he felt that he had a legal responsibility to athens and escaping was not an option so, socrates was taken to the near-by jail where his sentence would be carried out.
Socrates the greek philosopher and logician socrates (469-399 bc) was an important formative influence on plato and had a profound effect on ancient philosophy socrates was the son of sophroniscus, an athenian stone mason and sculptor. Reading plato’s apology democratic leanings were forced to flee and (4) he did not seem to speak out against the atrocities that were being committed during the dictatorship athenian custom, a guilty person had the right to propose a penalty that would fit. Had socrates the right to flee, or, hat socrates the duty to die socrates faced a life ending death penalty, although having a well prepared opportunity to escape nevertheless, he decided to die.
The escape of socrates is planned by his friends, particularly his wealthy friend crito, in the dialogue arrival of the ship crito lays upon socrates his plans of smuggling him out of jail and. On a day in 399 bc the philosopher socrates stood before a jury of 500 of his fellow athenians accused of refusing to recognize the gods recognized by the state and of corrupting the youth if found guilty his penalty could be death the trial took place in the heart of the city, the jurors. Alarmed by socrates' willing acceptance of his execution, crito hastens to explain that he can and must help socrates to escape all it would take is a few appropriate bribes, which would not be at all difficult to manage crito explains that if socrates does not escape, no one would believe that he. Socrates, like achilles, can flee but he refuses to and his refusal to flee should be seen as a heroic action to fight i'm not certain that socrates himself was a good example of a parrhesiastes he didn't think everyone had a right to speak in athenian socrates had a huge tick about positions of military generals and head-of.
Have students consider how socrates might have viewed his situation if extenuating circumstances had been involved—for example, if his sentence had been imposed by a tyrant rather than in a trial, or if the trial jury had been influenced by prejudice against him. Socrates in crito study play socrates by conversing with crito gets crito to realize for himself that socrates is right and that he should remain and be killed his friends had spotted the ship from delos not far away from athens socrates in the crito suggests to crito that one should follow the best argument true. Socrates finally came to the conclusion that the oracle’s prediction had been right as he was the only one who was aware of his lack of wisdom, he was indeed the wisest among all men who were intoxicated by a false sense of intelligence.
Socrates, however, had a different view on escape and chose not to flee instead, he faced his sentence and explained his reasoning to be what he believed was right escaping could have been feasible for a few different reasons including instances such as his children and the people that he taught. Socrates awaits his fate in his prison cell and is visited by his friend, crito, who encourages socrates to flee into exile socrates says no, and accepts his coming death calmly however, the dialogue has much to say to us today outside of its historical context. So crito’s earlier arguments are irrelevant all that matters is whether fleeing is just concerns particular to socrates’ situation: he had the chance to choose exile as punishment, but said he preferred death.